Canada’s north-western most area, the sparsely populated Yukon has a rich history that hints at its vast mineral wealth. Mining has been the leading economic activity in the region since its formation, and though resource development emphasis has shifted from gold to industrial minerals such as lead and zinc, gold is still being discovered in large quantities in the territory.
Stretching from the St. Elias Range, which forms the Yukon’s border with Alaska and British Columbia, the Yukon extends to the Arctic Ocean and the Beaufort Sea. Included within this area is the famous Klondike, host of the last great Northern American gold rush in 1898.
About 20% of the Yukon’s population is of Aboriginal descent. About 70% of the population resides in Whitehorse, the capital of the Yukon. World famous for its spectacular wilderness scenery, the Yukon provides unparalleled opportunities for the outdoor adventurer; wildlife viewing, rafting, canoeing, hiking, mountain biking and fi shing are some of the primary summer activities. In the winter, snowmobiling, cross country skiing, and dog sledding are prevalent.
The Yukon’s flag has vertical bars of green, white and blue. In the middle white section above a wreath of fi reweed is the Yukon’s coat of arms. The team colours are black, red and white.